(I want to dedicate these series of texts to those of my former Greek students, male and female, who in the end chose “mediocrity” and “virtual reality” for the sake of their own society, their own families and their own “survival”.)
We shall return once again to the first years of the Byzantine Empire, when the “conspiracy” between its political authorities, the clerical authorities and the International Jewish Establishment was initiated, and progressively evolved and took roots.
The Byzantine Empire was founded by Constantine the Great(272A.D.-337A.D.), son of the Roman Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantius and his wife Helen. The Roman Emperor Diocletian, who introduced the political institution of the “tetrarchy”(four individual rulers) in 293A.D., appointed Constantius A’(293A.D.-306A.D), Caesar of Gaul, Spain and Britain, meaning the Western Provinces of the Roman Empire. Constantine the Great, son of Constantius A’, ruled as Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 312A.D. to 324A.D., and as sole Emperor of the Empire from 324A.D. to 337A.D.
Constantine the Great implemented three major historic decrees which would define concretely , the political, the historical and the cultural identity of Byzantium until its demise, during the middle of the 15th century A.D..
First of all , he signed the decree of Mediolanum(Milan) in 313A.D., when he was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire, enacting the legislation of “religious tolerance”, therefore, legalizing Christianity as a “tolerated religion” which would be under the protection of the Emperor himself!!! Byzantine Emperor Theodosius A’ was the one who on February 28, 380A.D., in Salonika, passed the legislation, making Christianity “the official religion” of the Byzantine Empire. Theodosius, had activated the decisions taken by the First Ecumenical Synod in Nicaea in 325A.D., under the rule of Byzantine Emperor, Constantine the Great!!!
The second political initiative taken by Constantine the Great was the official relocation of Rome as capital of the Roman Empire to Constantinople, which pragmatically meant the creation of the Eastern Roman Empire.
Finally, he organised the First Ecumenical Synod of Nicaea in 325A.D., which was a determinant historical factor concerning the evolution of Christianity as a World Religion. This Synod defined , validated and formalized the various Christian dogmas, the church institutions and finally, the socio-political status of the Church in relation to the powers of the Emperor, his court and the local administrations throughout the territory of the Byzantine Empire!!!
The Byzantine Empire was a “superficial simile” of the Roman Empire, as the Roman Empire had been “a rough copy” of the political and social culture of the Greek City States!!! The political, cultural and institutional cohesion of the Byzantine Empire was superficial and not the end product of a historical evolution!!!