(I want to dedicate these series of texts to those of my former Greek students, male or female, who in the end , chose “mediocrity” and “virtual reality”, for the sake of their own society, their own families and their own “survival”)
This part of our Epilogues(b4), is a synopsis of the first three texts of this series of articles(epilogues b1,b2,b3), where I described the “historical conspiracy” between the Byzantine political authorities, the Greek Orthodox Church and the International Jewish Establishment to undermine, weaken and isolate the social, cultural and political values , as well as the historical institutions of Ancient Greek Civilization within the wider geographical Mediterranean region and the Middle East.
We shall begin this text by comparing one more time, the critical historical, cultural , ideological and existential differences between Ancient Greek Civilization and the Traditional Jewish Civilization of 2,500 years.
The most important cultural and ideological differences between these two civilizations originate from the historical fact that Ancient Greek Civilization was not founded, constructed and developed by “metaphysical” or “divine” intervention, but through the “free initiatives” and the “free creativity” of mortals, responding to the social demands and the aesthetic criteria of their time and their own geopolitical space. These therefore were the basic societal incentives for the “extraordinary” and “accelerated” cultural and historical development of the Greek Race and the Greek Nation.
In contrast, within the Traditional Jewish Civilization of 2,500 years, its philosophic constructs and ideological values had already been defined since its foundation, through “divine interventions” and “divine guidelines”, which meant they were revealed as “absolute”, “perfect” and “untouchable”!!! All this entailed, historically, socially and culturally, the “total submission” of all Jews to this “divine scheme”, with no possibility of a historical evolution, since Human Beings are the sole creative social entities which can produce and promote historical events and historical developments, reacting to the specific societal needs and expectations of their time!!! Concluding, one could say that Traditional Jewish Civilization remained ”static” , since within their own society , the philosophic principles of the “dialectic mental process” and the “freedom of choice” could not function!!!
Philo the Jew(20B.C. -45A.D.), who lived in Alexandria, Egypt, during the time of Jesus Christ, came from a rich and aristocratic Jewish family of Egypt, had studied in Greek schools(gymnasiums) , had his own personal Greek tutors, while he only spoke Greek!!! In the previous part of our narrative(Epilogue b3), we examined in detail the biography of Philo, because he represents an important historical figure who defined not only the theology of the Jews, but the theology of Christians and later on of Moslems. He is considered the first theologian of the Christian Religion by the Fathers of the Greek Orthodox Church, because all of his theological analysis was based on the Old Testament as was Christianity, with the critical exception of the “Universal Spiritual Teachings” of Jesus Christ, even though he had been educated to become a Jewish Rabbi!!!
Philo was a historian, a philosopher, a theologian and a politician. His philosophic and ideological principles were based on the Old Testament and the Jewish Prophets, all under the guidance and the guidelines of the High Jewish Priesthood of Judea and the Jewish Religious Establishment of Egypt. The purpose of his teachings was the “distortion” and the “subversion” of the historical and cultural identity of the Ancient Greek Civilization and the human factors and creations which had composed it. Philo in his teachings and writings supported absolutely the thesis that the philosophic and political concepts, the scientific discoveries and inventions, as well as the literature of Ancient Greek Scholars, were founded on the divine revelations, principles and stipulations of the Old Testament!!! Nevertheless, all of these hyperbolic cultural and ideological positions of Philo were easily accepted and adopted by his wider public audience and readers, since they had accepted him as the most important theologian of Christianity and Judaism, and later on of Islam!!!
As a consequence, in order to better comprehend the Traditional Jewish Civilization, we will have to address ourselves exclusively to the texts of the Old Testament, discovering and clarifying the basic ideological, philosophic and existential priorities of the Jews and their Civilization!!!